Structural health monitoring of RC structures under seismic loads has recently attracted dramatic attention in the earthquake engineering research community. In this paper, a piezoceramic-based device called “smart aggregate” was used for the health monitoring of a two stories one bay RC frame structure under earthquake excitations. The RC moment frame instrumented with smart aggregates was tested using a shake table with different ground excitation intensities. The distributed piezoceramic-based smart aggregates embedded in the RC structure were used to monitor the health condition of the structure during the tests. The sensitiveness and effectiveness of the proposed piezoceramic-based approach were investigated and evaluated by analyzing the measured responses.

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