Substantial research has been performed in recent years to determine the effects and feasibility of welding on highly irradiated austenitic materials. This research has been driven by the need to preemptively develop welding techniques capable of repairing highly irradiated light water reactor (LWR) components susceptible to detrimental corrosion and cracking. However, the materials used to fabricate internal LWR components become increasingly difficult to weld with in-service age due to irradiation-induced generation of helium in the material matrix over time. This paper introduces a patent-pending technology that proactively manages the stresses during laser repair welding of highly irradiated reactor internals to avoid the occurrence of intergranular helium-induced cracking. The technology development relied on numerical simulations that made it possible to refine and optimize the innovative welding concept and to identify specific process conditions achieving significant reduction of tensile stress (or even formation of compressive stress) near the weld pool in the heat-affected zone on cooling. The candidate welding process conditions identified by the numerical simulations were experimentally tested on stainless steel plates (Type 304L) with a laser welding system purposely designed and engineered to incorporate the proactive stress management concept. In-situ temperature and strain measurement technique based on digital image correlation were applied to validate the numerical simulations.
Proactive In-Situ Welding Stress Control for Laser Repair Welding of Irradiated Austenitic Materials
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Chen, J, Tatman, J, Chen, Z, Feng, Z, & Frederick, G. "Proactive In-Situ Welding Stress Control for Laser Repair Welding of Irradiated Austenitic Materials." Proceedings of the ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 6B: Materials and Fabrication. Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. July 16–20, 2017. V06BT06A020. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2017-65202
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