On the basis of the variational method, approximate solutions
of the biharmonic equation are established for the circular sector with the following properties: The stress functions fkhk create shear tractions on the radial boundaries; the stress functions fkgk create normal tractions on the radial boundaries; the stress functions FkHk create both shear and normal tractions on the circular boundary, and the stress functions FkGk create normal tractions on the circular boundary. The enumerated tractions are the only tractions which these function sets create on the various boundaries of the sector. The factors fk(r) constitute a complete set of orthonormal polynomials in r into which (more exactly, into the derivatives of which) self-equilibrating normal or shear tractions applied to the radial boundaries of the sector may be expanded; the factors Fk(θ) constitute a complete set of orthonormal polynomials in θ into which shear tractions applied to the circular boundary of the sector may be expanded; and the functions Fk″ + Fk constitute a complete set of non-orthogonal polynomials into which normal tractions applied to the circular boundary of the sector may be expanded. Function tables, to facilitate the use of the stress functions, are also presented.
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