In this paper, consideration is given to the dynamic response of a rotating cantilever twisted and inclined airfoil blade subjected to contact loads at the free end. Starting with the basic geometrical relations and energy formulation for a rotating Timoshenko beam constrained at the hub in a centrifugal force field, a system of coupled partial differential equations are derived for the combined axial, lateral and twisting motions which includes the transverse shear, rotary inertia, and Coriolis effects, as well. In the mathematical formulation, the torsion of the thin airfoil also considers a very general case of shear center not being coincident with the CG (center of gravity) of the cross section, which allows the equations to be used also for analyzing eccentric tip-rub loading of the blade. Equations are presented in terms of axial load along the longitudinal direction of the beam which enables us to solve the dynamic pulse buckling due to the tip being loaded in the longitudinal as well as transverse directions of the beam column. The Rayleigh–Ritz method is used to convert the set of four coupled-partial differential equations into equivalent classical mass, stiffness, damping, and gyroscopic matrices. Natural frequencies are computed for beams with varying “slenderness ratio” and “aspect ratio” as well as “twist angles.” Dynamical equations account for the full coupling effect of the transverse flexural motion of the beam with the torsional and axial motions due to pretwist in the airfoil. Some transient dynamic responses of a rotating beam repeatedly rubbing against the outer casing is shown for a typical airfoil with and without a pretwist.
Combined Torsional-Bending-Axial Dynamics of a Twisted Rotating Cantilever Timoshenko Beam With Contact-Impact Loads at the Free End
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Sinha, S. K. (May 31, 2006). "Combined Torsional-Bending-Axial Dynamics of a Twisted Rotating Cantilever Timoshenko Beam With Contact-Impact Loads at the Free End." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. May 2007; 74(3): 505–522. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2423035
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