The menisci are believed to play a stabilizing role in the ACL-deficient knee, and are known to be at risk for degradation in the chronically unstable knee. Much of our understanding of this behavior is based on ex vivo experiments or clinical studies in which we must infer the function of the menisci from external measures of knee motion. More recently, studies using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging have provided more clear visualization of the motion and deformation of the menisci within the tibio-femoral articulation. In this study, we used such images to generate a finite element model of the medial compartment of an ACL-deficient knee to reproduce the meniscal position under anterior loads of 45, 76, and . Comparisons of the model predictions to boundaries digitized from images acquired in the loaded states demonstrated general agreement, with errors localized to the anterior and posterior regions of the meniscus, areas in which large shear stresses were present. Our model results suggest that further attention is needed to characterize material properties of the peripheral and horn attachments. Although overall translation of the meniscus was predicted well, the changes in curvature and distortion of the meniscus in the posterior region were not captured by the model, suggesting the need for refinement of meniscal tissue properties.
Stresses and Strains in the Medial Meniscus of an ACL Deficient Knee under Anterior Loading: A Finite Element Analysis with Image-Based Experimental Validation
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Yao, J., Snibbe, J., Maloney, M., and Lerner, A. L. (September 14, 2005). "Stresses and Strains in the Medial Meniscus of an ACL Deficient Knee under Anterior Loading: A Finite Element Analysis with Image-Based Experimental Validation." ASME. J Biomech Eng. February 2006; 128(1): 135–141. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2132373
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