This study is dedicated to the computation and analysis of solitonic structures of a nonlinear Sasa–Satsuma equation that comes in handy to understand the propagation of short light pulses in the monomode fiber optics with the aid of beta derivative and truncated M- fractional derivative. We employ a new direct algebraic technique for the nonlinear Sasa–Satsuma equation to derive novel soliton solutions. A variety of soliton solutions are retrieved in trigonometric, hyperbolic, exponential, rational forms. The vast majority of obtained solutions represent the lead of this method on other techniques. The prime advantage of the considered technique over the other techniques is that it provides more diverse solutions with some free parameters. Moreover, the fractional behavior of the obtained solutions is analyzed thoroughly by using two and three-dimensional graphs. This shows that for lower fractional orders, i.e., , the magnitude of truncated M-fractional derivative is greater whereas for increasing fractional orders, i.e., and , the magnitude remains the same for both definitions except for a phase shift in some spatial domain that eventually vanishes and two curves coincide.