Proper design of feedback controllers is crucial for ensuring high performance of active magnetic bearing (AMB) supported rotor dynamic systems. Annular seals in those systems can contribute significant forces, which, in many cases, are hard to model in advance due to complex geometries of the seal and multiphase fluids. Hence, it can be challenging to design AMB controllers that will guarantee robust performance for these kinds of systems. This paper demonstrates the design, simulation, and experimental results of model-based controllers for AMB systems, subjected to dynamic seal forces. The controllers are found using and μ synthesis and are based on a global rotor dynamic model in which the seal coefficients are identified in situ. The controllers are implemented in a rotor-dynamic test facility with two radial AMBs and one annular seal with an adjustable inlet pressure. The seal is a smooth annular type, with large clearance (worn seal) and with high preswirl, which generates significant cross-coupled forces. The controller is designed to compensate for the seal forces and the μ controller is furthermore designed to be robust against a range of pressures across the seal. In this study, the rotor is nonrotating. Experimental and simulation results show that significant performance can be achieved using the model-based controllers compared to a reference decentralized proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller and robustness against large variations of pressure across the seal can be improved by the use of robust synthesized controllers.
Design of Active Magnetic Bearing Controllers for Rotors Subjected to Gas Seal Forces
Contributed by the Dynamic Systems Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS, MEASUREMENT,AND CONTROL. Manuscript received May 16, 2017; final manuscript received February 28, 2018; published online April 30, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Mazen Farhood.
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Lauridsen, J. S., and Santos, I. F. (April 30, 2018). "Design of Active Magnetic Bearing Controllers for Rotors Subjected to Gas Seal Forces." ASME. J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control. September 2018; 140(9): 091015. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4039665
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