Pressurized high temperature fuel cells and gas turbine integrated power systems are receiving growing attention as capable of reaching very high electrical conversion efficiency even in small size power plants. In this system the fuel and the oxidant (air) enter the cell after being compressed. The fuel oxidation reaction occurs predominantly within the fuel cell. The reaction is completed in a combustion chamber and the pressurized combustion products are exhausted through a turbine. The dynamic interdependences related to the integration of the fuel cell and the gas turbine are not completely understood and unexpected complications and dangers might arise. In fact as a consequence of both the relatively large volume of the pressurized portion of the plant and the shape of the stalled characteristic of available compressors, the plant could be affected by the inception of fluid-dynamic instabilities. In particular, surge could be detected in the transient off-design operational conditions occurring during plant regulation, start up and shut down. The paper presents a new experimental fuel cell gas turbine simulation facility that has been constructed at the Mechanical Engineering Department of the University of Trieste, Italy. The facility was designed to examine the effects of transient events on the dynamics of these systems. The theoretical analysis of the plant is completed using a dynamic model of the system purposely developed.
Experimental Test Facility for the Analysis of Transient Behavior of High Temperature Fuel Cell/Gas Turbine Hybrid Power Plants
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Taccani, R., and Micheli, D. (February 21, 2006). "Experimental Test Facility for the Analysis of Transient Behavior of High Temperature Fuel Cell/Gas Turbine Hybrid Power Plants." ASME. J. Fuel Cell Sci. Technol. August 2006; 3(3): 234–241. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2217954
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