This study investigated the effect of fuel injection timing and injection pressure on combustion and odorous emissions in a direct injection diesel engine. Injection timings from 15 deg before top dead center (BTDC) to top dead center (TDC) and injection pressures from 20 MPa to 120 MPa were tested. In emissions, exhaust odor, irritation, aldehydes, total hydrocarbon, and hydrocarbon components are compared in different injection timings and injection pressures condition. Injection timings where main combustion takes place very close to TDC are found to show minimum odorous emissions. Moderate injection pressures (60–80 MPa) showed lower emissions including odor and irritation due to proper mixture formation. Below the injection pressure of 40 MPa, and over 80 MPa, emissions become worse. Combustion analysis is performed by taking cylinder pressures after engine warm-up for different injection timings and injection pressures and analyzing cylinder temperatures and heat release rates. Cylinder pressures and temperatures are gradually decreased when injection timings are retarded. Ignition delay becomes shortest at 5–10 deg BTDC injection timings. The peak cylinder pressure and temperature are increased with higher injection pressures. The shortest ignition delay and minimum emissions is found at around 60 MPa of injection pressure.
Effect of Fuel Injection Timing and Injection Pressure on Combustion and Odorous Emissions in DI Diesel Engines
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Roy, M. M. (August 4, 2009). "Effect of Fuel Injection Timing and Injection Pressure on Combustion and Odorous Emissions in DI Diesel Engines." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. September 2009; 131(3): 032201. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3185346
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