Hydrogen combustion, coupled with the use of argon as a working fluid, is a promising approach to delivering clean and efficient energy from internal combustion (IC) engines. The use of hydrogen-oxygen-argon (H2/O2/Ar) mixtures in combustion aids in mitigating harmful environmental pollutants and enables a highly efficient energy conversion process. The use of argon as a working fluid decreases the NOx emissions and increases the thermal efficiency of internal combustion engines due to the high specific heat ratio of noble gases. In this study, premixed hydrogen combustion was investigated with the purpose of examining the effect of the full or partial substitution of argon for nitrogen in air on laminar burning velocity (LBV), flame speed, flame morphology, and instability. The experimental approach uses an optically accessible constant volume combustion chamber (CVCC) with central ignition; the spherical flame development was studied using a high-speed Z-type Schlieren visualization system. Moreover, a numerical model was developed to convert the experimental dynamic pressure rise data to laminar burning velocity. Coupling the model to a chemical equilibrium code aids in determining the burned gas properties. Additionally, an image processing technique has been suggested to compute the flame propagation speed. The experimental and numerical investigations indicate that increasing the concentration of argon as the working fluid in the mixture increases the laminar burning velocity and flame speed while extending the lean flammability limit.