A newly devised perturbation model for the fluid-induced vibration of turbomachinery rotating elements is used to compute the rotordynamic coefficients of an annular seal. First, the finite element-based solution of the flow field in the centered-rotor operation mode is verified and its grid dependency tested for different seal configurations. The rotordynamic behavior of a hydraulic seal with a clearance gap depth/length ratio of 0.01, as a representative case, is then analyzed under a cylindrical type of rotor whirl and several running speeds. The direct and cross-coupled rotordynamic coefficients dictating the rotor instability mechanism in this case are compared to experimental and analytical data, and the outcome is favorable. The numerical results are also used to discuss the validity of a common assumption in existing computational models in regard to the circumferential distribution of the perturbed flow variables in the eccentric rotor operation mode.

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