The existing solutions of Navier–Stokes and energy equations in the literature regarding the three-dimensional problem of stagnation-point flow either on a flat plate or on a cylinder are only for the case of axisymmetric formulation. The only exception is the study of three-dimensional stagnation-point flow on a flat plate by Howarth (1951, “The Boundary Layer in Three-Dimensional Flow—Part II: The Flow Near Stagnation Point,” Philos. Mag., 42, pp. 1433–1440), which is based on boundary layer theory approximation and zero pressure assumption in direction of normal to the surface. In our study the nonaxisymmetric three-dimensional steady viscous stagnation-point flow and heat transfer in the vicinity of a flat plate are investigated based on potential flow theory, which is the most general solution. An external fluid, along $z$-direction, with strain rate $a$ impinges on this flat plate and produces a two-dimensional flow with different components of velocity on the plate. This situation may happen if the flow pattern on the plate is bounded from both sides in one of the directions, for example $x$-axis, because of any physical limitation. A similarity solution of the Navier–Stokes equations and energy equation is presented in this problem. A reduction in these equations is obtained by the use of appropriate similarity transformations. Velocity profiles and surface stress-tensors and temperature profiles along with pressure profile are presented for different values of velocity ratios, and Prandtl number.

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July 2009

Technical Briefs

# Nonaxisymmetric Three-Dimensional Stagnation-Point Flow and Heat Transfer on a Flat Plate

Ali Shokrgozar Abbassi,

Ali Shokrgozar Abbassi

Graduate Student

Faculty of Engineering,

Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

, P.O. Box No. 91775-1111, Mashhad 1111, Iran
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Asghar Baradaran Rahimi

Asghar Baradaran Rahimi

Professor

Faculty of Engineering,

e-mail: rahimiab@yahoo.com
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

, P.O. Box No. 91775-1111, Mashhad 1111, Iran
Search for other works by this author on:

Ali Shokrgozar Abbassi
Graduate Student

Faculty of Engineering,

Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

, P.O. Box No. 91775-1111, Mashhad 1111, Iran
Asghar Baradaran Rahimi
Professor

Faculty of Engineering,

Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

, P.O. Box No. 91775-1111, Mashhad 1111, Irane-mail: rahimiab@yahoo.com

*J. Fluids Eng*. Jul 2009, 131(7): 074501 (5 pages)

**Published Online:**June 24, 2009

Article history

Received:

December 25, 2007

Revised:

May 4, 2009

Published:

June 24, 2009

Citation

Abbassi, A. S., and Rahimi, A. B. (June 24, 2009). "Nonaxisymmetric Three-Dimensional Stagnation-Point Flow and Heat Transfer on a Flat Plate." ASME. *J. Fluids Eng*. July 2009; 131(7): 074501. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3153366

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