An extension of the author’s earlier method of analyzing multi-shaft jet engine dynamics accounting for flexibility of bladed disks is outlined to calculate the first whirl harmonic for given nonlinear characteristics of squeeze-film dampers. A second whirl harmonic, of which experimental verification is found in Campbell’s paper of 1924, is shown induced by orbit ellipticity. The possibility that this harmonic, especially due to backward whirling, may be a source of blade excitation at higher frequencies than currently recognized from linear analysis is discussed by relating some engine experience.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.