Reliable cascade data are esssential to the development of high-speed turbomachinery, but it has long been suspected that the tunnel environment influences the test results. This has now been investigated by testing one plane gas turbine rotor blade section in four European wind tunnels of different test sections and instrumentation. The Reynolds number of the transonic flow tests was Re2 = 8 × 105 based on exit flow conditions. The turbulence was not increased artificially. A comparison of results from blade pressure distributions and wake traverse measurements reveals the order of magnitude of tunnel effects.
The Transonic Flow Through a Plane Turbine Cascade as Measured in Four European Wind Tunnels
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Kiock, R., Lehthaus, F., Baines, N. C., and Sieverding, C. H. (April 1, 1986). "The Transonic Flow Through a Plane Turbine Cascade as Measured in Four European Wind Tunnels." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. April 1986; 108(2): 277–284. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3239900
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