The use of high temperature and low oxygen concentration air as the oxidizer for regenerative combustion has become of increasing interest because this technology results in higher thermal efficiency, low energy consumption, and reduced emission of pollutants, such as and and compact size of the equipment. In this study information is provided on the effect of preheating the low oxygen concentration air on the formation and detection of chemical ions and neutral species formed in flames. These ions and species were detected directly using mass spectrometry. Such information also assists in determining the combustion mechanism. The intact ionic species have been detected only at downstream position of the flames. By applying an alkali element ion attachment technique, neutral species, such as -attached ions have been also detected successfully. Three specific flame cases have been examined. They include using normal air (flame I), preheated air (flame II), and preheated air with low (diluted) oxygen concentration in air (flame III). The results show significant change in the spectra of the intact ionic species and the -adduct neutral species amongst the three flames. The results also show that preheating the combustion air increases the number of chemical species formed in the flames. However, these chemical species decrease with low oxygen concentration (diluted) combustion air.
Mass Spectrometric Detection of Ionic and Neutral Species During Highly Preheated Air Combustion by Alkali Element Ion Attachment
Contributed by the Fuels and Combustion Division of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in ASME JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received by the FC Division Oct. 3, 2000; final revision received by the ASME Headquarters Jan. 28, 2002. Associate Editor: S. R. Gollahalli.
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Ishiguro, T., Matsunami, A., Matsumoto, K., Kitagawa, K., Arai, N., and Gupta, A. K. (September 24, 2002). "Mass Spectrometric Detection of Ionic and Neutral Species During Highly Preheated Air Combustion by Alkali Element Ion Attachment ." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. October 2002; 124(4): 749–756. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1473158
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