The effect of negative incidence operation on mode shape sensitivity of an oscillating low-pressure turbine rotor blade row has been studied experimentally. An annular sector cascade has been employed in which the middle blade has been made oscillating in controlled three-dimensional rigid-body modes. Unsteady blade surface pressure data were acquired at midspan on the oscillating blade and two pairs of nonoscillating neighbor blades and reduced to aeroelastic stability data. The test program covered variations in reduced frequency, flow velocity, and inflow incidence; at each operating point, a set of three orthogonal modes was tested such as to allow for generation of stability plots by mode recombination. At nominal incidence, it has been found that increasing reduced frequency has a stabilizing effect on all modes. The analysis of mode shape sensitivity yielded that the most stable modes are of bending type with axial to chordwise character, whereas high sensitivity has been found for torsion-dominated modes. Negative incidence operation caused the flow to separate on the fore pressure side. This separation was found to have a destabilizing effect on bending modes of chordwise character, whereas an increase in stability could be noted for bending modes of edgewise character. Variations of stability parameter with inflow incidence have hereby found being largely linear within the range of conditions tested. For torsion-dominated modes, the influence on aeroelastic stability was close to neutral.
Experimental Investigation of Mode Shape Sensitivity of an Oscillating Low-Pressure Turbine Cascade at Design and Off-Design Conditions
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Vogt, D. M., and Fransson, T. H. (August 7, 2006). "Experimental Investigation of Mode Shape Sensitivity of an Oscillating Low-Pressure Turbine Cascade at Design and Off-Design Conditions." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. April 2007; 129(2): 530–541. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2436567
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