One potential method for controlling the combustion phasing of a homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine is to vary the fuel chemistry using two fuels with different auto-ignition characteristics. Although a dual-fuel engine concept is technically feasible with current engine management and fuel delivery system technologies, this is not generally seen as a practical solution due to the necessity of supplying and storing two fuels. Onboard partial reforming of a hydrocarbon fuel is seen to be a more attractive way of realizing a dual-fuel concept, while relying on only one fuel supply infrastructure. Reformer gas (RG) is a mixture of light gases dominated by hydrogen and carbon monoxide that can be produced from any hydrocarbon fuel using an onboard fuel processor. RG has a high resistance to auto-ignition and wide flammability limits. The ratio of to CO produced depends on the reforming method and conditions, as well as the hydrocarbon fuel. In this study, a cooperative fuel research engine was operated in HCCI mode at elevated intake air temperatures and pressures. -heptane was used as the hydrocarbon blending component because of its high cetane number and well-known fuel chemistry. RG was used as the low cetane blending component to retard the combustion phasing. Other influential parameters, such as air/fuel ratio, EGR, and intake temperature, were maintained constant. The experimental results show that increasing the RG fraction retards the combustion phasing to a more optimized value causing indicated power and fuel conversion efficiency to increase. RG reduced the first stage of heat release, extended the negative temperature coefficient delay period, and retarded the main stage of combustion. Two extreme cases of RG composition with ratios of 3/1 and 1/1 were investigated. The results show that both RG compositions retard the combustion phasing, but that the higher hydrogen fraction RG is more effective. A single-zone model with detailed chemical kinetics was used to interpret the experimental results. The effect of RG on combustion phasing retardation was confirmed. It was found that the low temperature heat release was inhibited by a reduction in intermediate radical mole fractions during low temperature reactions and during the early stages of the negative temperature coefficient delay period.
Controlling -Heptane HCCI Combustion With Partial Reforming: Experimental Results and Modeling Analysis
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Hosseini, V., Neill, W. S., and Checkel, M. D. (May 22, 2009). "Controlling -Heptane HCCI Combustion With Partial Reforming: Experimental Results and Modeling Analysis." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. September 2009; 131(5): 052801. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3078189
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