Low-temperature compression ignition combustion employing multiple-injection strategies in an optical high-speed direct injection diesel engine was investigated. Heat release characteristics were analyzed. The whole cycle combustion process was visualized by imaging the natural flame luminosity. The emissions were measured in the exhaust pipe. The effects of the pilot injection timing, pilot fuel quantity, main injection timing, operating load, and injection pressure on the combustion and emissions were studied. Low-temperature combustion modes were achieved by using a small pilot injection with an injection timing much earlier than top dead center (TDC) followed by a main injection after TDC. The results were compared with conventional diesel (diffusion) combustion for comparison purposes. A premixed-combustion-dominated heat release rate pattern was seen for all the low-temperature combustion cases, while a typical diffusion flame combustion heat release rate was obtained for the conventional combustion case. A highly luminous flame was observed for the conventional combustion condition while a much less luminous flame was seen for the low-temperature combustion cases. For the higher-load and lower injection pressure cases, liquid fuel being injected into low-temperature premixed flame was observed for certain cases. Compared with the conventional diffusion combustion, simultaneous reductions in soot and were obtained for the low-temperature combustion mode under similar operating loads. For high-load conditions, higher emissions were obtained due to higher in-cylinder temperatures. However, compared with the conventional combustion case, a significant reduction in soot was achieved for the high-load conditions, which shows that increasing injection pressure greatly reduces soot emissions.
Low-Temperature Combustion Within a HSDI Diesel Engine Using Multiple-Injection Strategies
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Fang, T., Coverdill, R. E., Lee, C. F., and White, R. A. (July 15, 2009). "Low-Temperature Combustion Within a HSDI Diesel Engine Using Multiple-Injection Strategies." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. November 2009; 131(6): 062803. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3093999
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