The simultaneous reduction of fuel consumption and pollutant emissions, namely NOx and soot, is the predominant goal in modern engine development. In this context, low temperature combustion concepts are believed to be the most promising approaches to resolve the above mentioned conflict of goals. Disadvantageously these combustion concepts show high peak pressures or high rates of pressure rise due to early ignition and high reaction rates especially at high loads. Furthermore, there are still challenges in controlling combustion phasing. In this context using a small amount of pilot diesel injected directly into the combustion chamber to ignite a highly diluted gasoline air mixture can overcome the aforementioned difficulties. As the gasoline does not ignite without the diesel, the pilot injection timing can be used to control combustion phasing. By increasing dilution even high loads with low rates of pressure rise and without knocking are possible. This paper shows the results of experimental investigations carried out on a heavy duty boosted single cylinder diesel engine. Based on the indicated cylinder pressure, the combustion process is characterized by performing knock analyses as well as thermodynamic analyses. Furthermore, an optically accessible engine has been set up to investigate both the diesel injection and the combustion process by means of digital high speed imaging. Together with the thermodynamic analyses the results of these optical investigations make up the base for the presented theoretical model of this combined diesel-gasoline combustion process. To show the load potential of this Dual-Fuel-CAI concept, the engine was operated at 2100 1/min with an IMEP of 19 bar. NOx emissions did not exceed 0.027 g/kWh.
Controlling Gasoline Low Temperature Combustion by Diesel Micro Pilot Injection
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Eichmeier, J., Wagner, U., and Spicher, U. (May 23, 2012). "Controlling Gasoline Low Temperature Combustion by Diesel Micro Pilot Injection." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. July 2012; 134(7): 072802. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4005997
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