The influence of free convection due to buoyancy on forced laminar flow of air in the entrance region of a horizontal isothermal tube was investigated. The Graetz numbers ranged form 2.5 to 110.0, the Reynolds numbers ranged from 120 to 1200, the Grashof numbers ranged from 0.8 × 104 to 8.7 × 104, and the ratio L/D was varied from 6 up to 46. The average Nusselt numbers based on the log-mean temperature difference, ranged from 2.0 to 25.9. The heat transfer data were correlated according to the influence of free convection which was found to have a significant effect at points close to the entrance to the tube.
Issue Section:Research Papers
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