Experimental results are presented on the influence of confinement (normal to heated surface) on nucleate boiling in forced flow. The forced flow conditions and confinement geometry studied are similar to those found for boiling between a primary-fluid tube and a tube-support plate in steam generators of pressurized-water-reactor nuclear power plants. Visual observations of the boiling process within the confined region (crevice) between the tube and its support plate, obtained by high-speed photography, are related to simultaneous two-dimensional temperature maps of the hot primary-fluid-tube surface. The results demonstrate the existence of three confinement-dependent boiling regimes in forced flow conditions that are similar to those found in pool boiling conditions. These regimes are shown to be associated with the Weber number.

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