An experimental study is made of natural convection oscillations in gallium melts enclosed by right circular cylinders with differentially heated end walls. Cases heated from below are examined for angles of inclination (φ) ranging from 0 deg (vertical) to 75 deg with aspect ratios Ar (height/diameter) of 2, 3, and 4. Temperature measurements are made along the circumference of the cylinder to detect the oscillations, from which the oscillatory flow structures are inferred. The critical Rayleigh numbers and oscillation frequencies are determined. For Ar=3 and φ = 0 deg, 30 deg the supercritical flow structures are discussed in detail.
Oscillatory Natural Convection of a Liquid Metal in Circular Cylinders
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Kamotani, Y., Weng, F., Ostrach, S., and Platt, J. (August 1, 1994). "Oscillatory Natural Convection of a Liquid Metal in Circular Cylinders." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. August 1994; 116(3): 627–632. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2910915
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