The absorptance of a material at the laser wavelength and as a function of temperature, ranging from room temperature to the removal point, significantly affects the efficiency of the laser machining process. A priori predictions of a laser machining process, using either simplistic or sophisticated models, require knowledge of the material’s absorptance behavior. An experimental apparatus for such measurements is described. The device consists of a specimen mounted inside an integrating sphere, heated rapidly by a CO2 or a Nd:YAG laser. Reflectances are measured with a small focused probe laser (Nd:YAG or CO2), while specimen surface temperatures are recorded by a high-speed pyrometer. Experimental results have been obtained for wavelengths of 1.06 μm (Nd:YAG) and 10.6 μm (CO2) for graphite, alumina, hot-pressed silicon nitride, sintered α-silicon carbide, as well as two continous-fiber ceramic matrix composites (SiC-based). Data are presented for temperatures between room temperature and the ablation/decomposition points.
Temperature-Dependent Absorptances of Ceramics for Nd:YAG and CO2 Laser Processing Applications
Zhang, Z., and Modest, M. F. (May 1, 1998). "Temperature-Dependent Absorptances of Ceramics for Nd:YAG and CO2 Laser Processing Applications." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. May 1998; 120(2): 322–327. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2824250
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