A proposed technique for controlling jet impingement boiling heat transfer involves injection of gas into the liquid jet. This paper reports results from an experimental study of boiling heat transfer during quenching of a cylindrical copper specimen, initially at a uniform temperature exceeding the temperature corresponding to maximum heat flux, by a two-phase (water-air), circular, free-surface jet. The second phase is introduced as small bubbles into the jet upstream of the nozzle exit. Data are presented for single-phase convective heat transfer at the stagnation point, as well as in the form of boiling curves, maximum heat fluxes, and minimum film boiling temperatures at locations extending from the stagnation point to a radius of ten nozzle diameters. For void fractions ranging from 0.0 to 0.4 and liquid-only velocities between 2.0 and 4.0 m/s 11,300Red,fo22,600, several significant effects are associated with introduction of the gas bubbles into the jet. As well as enhancing single-phase convective heat transfer by up to a factor of 2.1 in the stagnation region, addition of the bubbles increases the wall superheat in nucleate boiling and eliminates the temperature excursion associated with cessation of boiling. The maximum heat flux is unaffected by changes in the void fraction, while minimum film boiling temperatures increase and film boiling heat transfer decreases with increasing void fraction. A companion paper (Hall et al., 2001) details corresponding results from the single-phase jet.

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