For occurring dropwise condensation, the droplet growth behavior such as single droplet growth, coalescence, and fall-off of large droplets play a major role in regard to condensation heat transfer and water harvesting. The present study visualized the droplet growth behavior of dropwise condensation which might be controlled by the surface tension. We used three copper plate with different hole area fraction (i.e., ϕ=0, 0.148 and 0.439). Surface texturing was conducted by using a μ-computer numerical control (μ-CNC) machine and composed of micro-holes (diameter: 300 μm, depth: 200 μm) with 691 μm, 401 μm pitch. To make the hydrophobic surfaces, the copper surfaces were coated self-assembled monolayer (SAM). From the results, it was found that for only SAM coated surface, random coalescence occurred and affected the droplet growth significantly, whereas for textured SAM coated surfaces, the droplet started to be grown up at the textured holes and coalesced near the holes, indicating that capillary effects might affect the droplet growth mechanism. In particular, the fall-off time at which a coalesced droplet is removed away from the surface increased when the textured surfaces was used, because of surface tension effect increased by the textured holes.
Characteristics of Droplet Growth Behavior on Hydrophobic Micro-textured Surfaces
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Lee, J. B., Moon, J. H., Cho, M., and Lee, S. H. (August 1, 2015). "Characteristics of Droplet Growth Behavior on Hydrophobic Micro-textured Surfaces." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. August 2015; 137(8): 080906. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4030453
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