The effect of jet-to-jet distance of two adjacent jets on boiling heat transfer was investigated by a simultaneous boiling visualization and heat transfer measurement. The hydrodynamics of two adjacent jets were visualized by the high-speed imaging and the 4K camera on unheated surface. The surface temperature of the hot steel plate was estimated by formulating 2-D inverse heat conduction, which was measured through the flat-plate heat flux gauge. The jet Reynolds number was fixed at Re = 17,000 and the jet-to-jet distance of two adjacent jets was set to the three different jet-to-jet distances (p/d = 10, 20 and 30). The wall jet flow interference between two adjacent impinging jets forms a vertical fountain at its boundary. The more scattered water droplets are observed from the fountain due to the higher intensity at the p/d = 10. The flow interaction becomes to reduce its momentum as increasing the p/d. The boiling visualization shows which boiling mode starts to occur and turns to be disappeared from film boiling to nucleate boiling on the hot surface. The measured surface temperature has a good agreement with the corresponding boiling visualization. The closer jet distance (lower p/d) shows the rapid temperature gradient along the interaction, which provides much higher cooling rate in a multiple jet nozzle when designing an intensive quenching device.
Simultaneous Boiling Visualization and Heat Transfer Measurement of Two Adjacent Water Impinging Jets
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Lee, J., and Lee, S. G. (July 8, 2016). "Simultaneous Boiling Visualization and Heat Transfer Measurement of Two Adjacent Water Impinging Jets." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. August 2016; 138(8): 080904. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4033826
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