Abstract

The thermal entrance region for laminar-forced convection of a Newtonian fluid in an annular tube is solved by separation of variables using as many eigenvalues and eigenfunctions as needed to report exact results for a specified range of Graetz numbers. Results for the local and average Nusselt numbers are calculated for a wide range of inner to outer wall radius ratios and for convection to either the inner or outer wall, when the opposing wall is adiabatic. The present benchmark results are utilized to critically examine the accuracy of previous extended Lévêque series solutions that are convergent for short axial distances, and Graetz series solutions that are convergent for long axial distances, and to examine the performance of a new correlation for convection in annular tubes.

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