This paper presents the materials evaluation and environmental monitoring techniques utilizing the acoustic resonance, which have been developed by the authors. When the ultrasound passes through thin layer, the transmission and reflection coefficients take their maximum and the minimum values at the resonant frequency. We call this acoustic resonance. The acoustic properties of a polymer film, e.g., the acoustic impedance, ultrasonic velocity, and density, can be determined by observing the acoustic resonance, which occurs at the water/film/reflection plate interface. Acoustic resonance occurs at the reflection plate/film/outer environment interface sensitively changes depending on the outer environment. With use of this, the temperature of the water as an outer environment is tried to be monitored.