Hybrid manufacturing has become particularly attractive for refurbishing of high-value freeform components. Components may experience unique geometric distortions and/or wear-driven material loss in service, which require the use of part-specific, adaptive repair strategies. The current work presents an integrated adaptive geometry transformation method for additive/subtractive hybrid manufacturing based on rigid and nonrigid registrations of parent region material and geometric interpolation of the repair region material. In this approach, rigid registration of nominal part geometry to actual part geometry is accomplished using iterative alignment of profiles in the parent material. Nonrigid registration is used to morph nominal part geometry to actual part geometry by transformation of the profile mean line. Adaptive additive and subtractive tool paths are then used to add material based on constant stock margin requirements, as well as to produce blend repairs with smooth transition between parent and repair regions. A range of part deformation conditions due to profile twist and length changes are evaluated for the case of a compressor blade/airfoil geometry. Accuracy of the resulting adaptive geometry transformation method were quantified by (1) surface comparisons of actual and transformed nominal geometry and (2) blend region surface accuracy. Performance of the adaptive repair strategy relative to a naïve strategy is evaluated by the consideration of material efficiency and process cycle time. It is shown that the adaptive repair strategy resulted in an increase in material efficiency by 42.2% and a decrease in process time by 17.8%, depending on the initial deformation imposed on the part geometry.
An Adaptive Geometry Transformation and Repair Method for Hybrid Manufacturing
Manuscript received May 14, 2018; final manuscript received September 20, 2018; published online October 19, 2018. Editor: Y. Lawrence Yao.
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Praniewicz, M., Kurfess, T., and Saldana, C. (October 19, 2018). "An Adaptive Geometry Transformation and Repair Method for Hybrid Manufacturing." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. January 2019; 141(1): 011006. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4041570
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