Initial-yield results on SAE 1017 steel are presented for: four different specimens under combined axial load and twisting moment for servo controlled loading; and six different specimens under various combinations of servo controlled axial strain and shear strain. Subsequent yield curves determined by small strain offset multiple probes on a given specimen are presented covering all four quadrants of axial stress-shear stress space. The resulting families of subsequent yield curves allows conclusions to be drawn concerning the effects of plastic strain and strain aging. All curves were found to be convex and normality of the plastic strain increment vector was obeyed. The response to plastic straining allowed discussion of corner formation, translation, rotation, Bauschinger and cross effects of subsequent yield curves and formation of a limit curve. A comparison is made between the experiments and the Prager kinematic hardening model and the Ziegler modification.
Subsequent Yield Surfaces for Annealed Mild Steel Under Servo-Controlled Strain and Load Histories: Aging, Normality, Convexity, Corners, Bauschinger and Cross Effects
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Michno, M. J., Jr., and Findley, W. N. (January 1, 1975). "Subsequent Yield Surfaces for Annealed Mild Steel Under Servo-Controlled Strain and Load Histories: Aging, Normality, Convexity, Corners, Bauschinger and Cross Effects." ASME. J. Eng. Mater. Technol. January 1975; 97(1): 25–32. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3443256
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