Flow-induced vibration of steam generator tubes results in fretting-wear damage due to impacting and rubbing of the tubes against their supports. This damage can be predicted by computing tube response to flow-induced excitation forces using analytical techniques, and then relating this response to resultant wear damage using experimentally derived wear coefficients. Fretting-wear of steam generator materials has been studied experimentally at Chalk River Laboratories for two decades. Tests are conducted in machines that simulate steam generator environmental conditions and tube-to-support dynamic interactions. Different tube and support materials, tube-to-support clearances, and tube support geometries have been studied. The effect of environmental conditions, such as temperature, oxygen content, pH and chemistry control additive, have been investigated as well. Early studies showed that damage was related to contact force as long as other parameters, such as geometry and motion, were held constant. Later studies have shown that damage is related to a parameter called work-rate, which combines both contact force and sliding distance. Results of short and long-term fretting-wear tests for CANDU steam generator materials at realistic environmental conditions are presented. These results demonstrate that work-rate is an appropriate correlating parameter for impact-sliding interaction.
Experimental Fretting-Wear Studies of Steam Generator Materials
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Fisher, N. J., Chow, A. B., and Weckwerth, M. K. (November 1, 1995). "Experimental Fretting-Wear Studies of Steam Generator Materials." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. November 1995; 117(4): 312–320. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2842129
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