Several components of nuclear power plants are made of cast austenitic stainless steel (CASS) because of its high corrosion resistance and strength. The inservice inspection based on ultrasonic testing (UT) has to be conducted for CASS components in accordance with fitness-for-service codes such as the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers Rules on Fitness-for-Service for Nuclear Power Plants. However, a high-accuracy evaluation of flaws in CASS components through UT is difficult because the ultrasonic waves are scattered and attenuated by coarse grains, and their beam is distorted by the anisotropy resulting from the grain orientations. Numerical simulations are useful and reasonable ways for better understanding the ultrasonic wave propagation behavior in CASS. To effectively achieve this, the simulation model should include a three-dimensional (3D) grain structure. If a casting simulation can predict the solidification structure in a CASS, the wave propagation could be simulated also for a more realistic situation. In this study, we predicted the solidification structure of statically CASS by using a cellular automaton (CA) coupled with the finite element method and fed this structure into an explicit finite element model (FEM) for simulating the propagation of waves emitted by angle beam probes. Afterward, these simulated wave propagations were compared with those measured by a 3D laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV), showing almost good agreement between predicted and experimental results.