Promotion of the use of renewable energy, such as solar heat, for space heating and drying crops and wood is desired to prevent global warming. High-temperature collection of heat by air collectors producing as much as in winter for space heating and about in summer for exchanging heat to circulating water for hot water supply would be appropriate applications. In this study, first, a flow control system for constant outlet temperature was installed in a hot air supply system to examine the feasibility of the control system. After experiments, it was found that the control system could function satisfactory. Second, an unsteady-state analysis was made to predict the thermal performance of a flat-plate collector under a given condition of variable flow rate. The analytical model became simple by the assumptions that the heat capacity of the air in the collector and heat conduction in the flow direction through the air and the materials of the collector could be neglected. The maximum differences in outlet temperature and collector efficiency for constant flow rate between the analysis and the experiment were and 6% of the collector efficiency, respectively, except in the beginning of experiments. The biggest difference in the collector efficiency was 30% at 3:00 P.M., which occurred at the end of one of the experiments. The analytical results generally agreed well with the experimental results even when the flow rate and solar radiation changed greatly as time went on. Transient effects are important to predict outlet temperature for variable solar radiation intensity, wind speed, and flow rate.
Flow Control and Unsteady-State Analysis on Thermal Performance of Solar Air Collectors
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Ito, S., Kashima, M., and Miura, N. (March 31, 2006). "Flow Control and Unsteady-State Analysis on Thermal Performance of Solar Air Collectors." ASME. J. Sol. Energy Eng. August 2006; 128(3): 354–359. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2210493
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