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Keywords: heat exchangers
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Journal Articles
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Sol. Energy Eng. August 2017, 139(4): 041013.
Paper No: SOL-17-1014
Published Online: June 8, 2017
.... 09 01 2017 28 04 2017 Energy systems Forced convection Heat exchangers Thermal systems Radiations emitted by sun have huge potential as source of energy on earth. SAH is designed in such a way that they collect radiations which come from sun and are used in many applications...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. February 2012, 134(1): 011010.
Published Online: November 29, 2011
... is accomplished using a heat exchanger immersed in the storage fluid. The heat exchanger is a two-dimensional isothermal cylinder in an adiabatic enclosure with no initial stratification. An adiabatic shroud and baffle whose geometry is parametrically varied is placed around and below the cylinder. Transient...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. February 2012, 134(1): 011003.
Published Online: November 1, 2011
... are estimated by accounting for the constraints imposed by the available heat transfer areas in heat exchangers, as well as by the characteristic curve of the steam turbine. The numerical model can be used either for single calculation in a specific off-design condition or for complete year simulation...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. August 2011, 133(3): 031014.
Published Online: July 28, 2011
..., or through using a heat exchanger to indirectly heat pressurized air. Gas-cooled receivers can be divided into two basic technologies. In tube based solar receivers, thermal energy is transferred to air through convection with the heated tube wall. This limits receiver efficiency since the tube wall needs...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. August 2011, 133(3): 031004.
Published Online: July 19, 2011
... on a compact heat exchanger technology. The first step of this development consists in designing and testing a pilot scale (1/10 scale, e.g., 360 kWth) solar receiver based on a metallic surface absorber. This paper briefly presents the hydraulic and thermal performances of the innovative pressurized air solar...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. May 2011, 133(2): 021010.
Published Online: April 7, 2011
... promises to reduce costs of energy storage and thus to reduce the costs of electricity generation. In addition, the storage concept could be applicable in the steel industry. The central element of the storage concept is an air-sand heat exchanger, which is presently under development. This paper describes...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. February 2011, 133(1): 011015.
Published Online: February 14, 2011
.... The design of heat exchangers is discussed, with an emphasis on their low fluid friction losses. Only standard low-cost materials and manufacturing methods are required to realize such a machine. The fabricated engine prototype is successfully tested as an engine, and the experimental results are presented...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. February 2011, 133(1): 011010.
Published Online: February 3, 2011
... for solar storage and presents a novel concept for storing the liquid desiccant in a single storage vessel. The storage system uses an internal heat exchanger to add and discharge thermal energy and to help manage the mass, momentum, and energy transfer in the tank. The feasibility of the proposed concept...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. February 2011, 133(1): 011001.
Published Online: November 23, 2010
...Cynthia A. Cruickshank; Stephen J. Harrison Thermal energy storages with thermosyphon natural convection heat exchangers have been used in solar water heating systems as a means of increasing tank stratification and eliminating the need for a second circulation pump. However, if the storage system...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J. Sol. Energy Eng. August 2010, 132(3): 034502.
Published Online: June 21, 2010
... in thermal stores using an immersed heat exchanger. The preferred geometry is a low-conductivity baffle of width equal to the effective width of the heat exchanger and 15 or more cylinder diameters in length to ensure nearly fully developed flow at the baffle outlet. confined flow flow simulation heat...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. February 2010, 132(1): 011016.
Published Online: January 11, 2010
... internal mass and energy balances are solved. The connection to the external heat reservoirs of hot, chilled, and cooling water is done by lumped and distributed UA values for the main heat exchangers. In addition to an analytical evaporator model—which is described in detail—experimental correlations...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. November 2009, 131(4): 041007.
Published Online: September 18, 2009
.... Züblin AG and the German Aerospace Center (DLR). A major focus was the cost reduction in the heat exchanger and the high temperature concrete storage material. For live tests and further improvements, a 20 m 3 solid media storage test module connected to an electrically heated thermal oil loop was built...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J. Sol. Energy Eng. August 2009, 131(3): 034503.
Published Online: July 15, 2009
...Aaron D. Wade; Jane H. Davidson; Julia F. Haltiwanger Prior studies of indirect water storage tanks that employ an immersed heat exchanger to discharge the stored energy identified two potential methods of improving the rate of energy extraction: (1) an internal baffle to increase the velocity...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. May 2009, 131(2): 021013.
Published Online: April 15, 2009
... collectors. Diaphragm pistons and nylon flexures are considered for this prototype to eliminate surface friction and to provide appropriate seals. In addition, low loss diaphragm pistons, etched and woven-wire screen heat exchangers, and plastic flexures, as the main components of the system, are outlined...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J. Sol. Energy Eng. May 2009, 131(2): 024502.
Published Online: March 25, 2009
...Cynthia A. Cruickshank; Stephen J. Harrison This paper presents a simplified test method that was developed to allow preconfigured solar domestic hot water systems that use natural convection/thermosyphon heat exchangers to be characterized. The results of this test method produce performance...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. May 2008, 130(2): 021016.
Published Online: April 11, 2008
...Yan Su; Jane H. Davidson A model of a thermal storage tank in which stored energy is extracted via an immersed heat exchanger is presented and used to predict transient temperature and velocity fields in tanks with and without baffles. The heat exchanger is modeled as a porous medium within...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. May 2008, 130(2): 021003.
Published Online: March 10, 2008
...A. M. Boies; K. O. Homan The desired performance of unpressurized integral collector storage systems hinges on the appropriate selection of storage volume and the immersed heat exchanger. This paper presents analytical results expressing the relation between storage volume, number of heat exchanger...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. May 2008, 130(2): 021005.
Published Online: March 10, 2008
...Shahab Alizadeh A feasibility study of using solar liquid-desiccant air conditioner (LDAC) developed in Queensland has been undertaken. The system uses high effectiveness cross-flow polymer plate heat exchanger (PPHE), as the absorber unit. Outside air is dehumidified by strong liquid desiccant...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. February 2008, 130(1): 011006.
Published Online: December 28, 2007
... and maintenance costs. For commercial oil trough technology, a solid media sensible heat storage system was developed and tested. One focus of the project was the cost reduction of the heat exchanger; the second focus lies in the energetic and exergetic analysis of modular storage operation concepts, including...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. November 2007, 129(4): 438–448.
Published Online: May 22, 2007
... of stratification on the thermal performance under different operation conditions with different domestic hot water and space heating demands. The solar combi systems are initially equipped with heat exchanger spirals and direct inlets to the tank. A step-by-step investigation is performed demonstrating...