A stage-by-stage wet compression theory and algorithm have been developed for overspray and interstage fogging in the compressor. These theory and algorithm are used to calculate the performance of an eight-stage compressor under both dry and wet compressions. A 2D compressor airfoil geometry and stage setting at the mean radius are employed. Six different cases with and without overspray are investigated and compared. The stage pressure ratio enhances during all fogging cases as does the overall pressure ratio, with saturated fogging (no overspray) achieving the highest pressure ratio. Saturated fogging reduces specific compressor work, but increases the total compressor power due to increased mass flow rate. The results of overspray and interstage spray unexpectedly show that both the specific and overall compressor power do not reduce but actually increase. Analysis shows that this increased power is contributed by the increased pressure ratio and, for interstage overspray, “recompression” contributes to more power consumption. Also it is unexpected to see that air density actually decreases, instead of increases, inside the compressor with overspray. Analysis shows that overspray induces an excessive reduction in temperature that leads to an appreciable reduction in pressure, so the increment of density due to reduced temperature is less than the decrement of air density affected by reduced pressure as air follows the polytropic relationship. In contrast, saturated fogging results in increased density as expected. After the interstage spray, the local blade loading immediately showed a significant increase. Fogging increases axial velocity, flow coefficient, blade inlet velocity, incidence angle, and tangential component of velocity. The analysis also assesses the use of an average shape factor in the generalized compressor stage performance curve when the compressor stage information and performance map are not available. The result indicates that using a constant shape factor might not be adequate because the compressor performance map may have changed with wet compression. The results of nonstage-stacking simulation are shown to underpredict the compressor power by about 6% and the net gas turbine output by about 2% in the studied cases.
Overspray and Interstage Fog Cooling in Gas Turbine Compressor Using Stage-Stacking Scheme—Part II: Case Study
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Wang, T., and Khan, J. R. (November 17, 2010). "Overspray and Interstage Fog Cooling in Gas Turbine Compressor Using Stage-Stacking Scheme—Part II: Case Study." ASME. J. Thermal Sci. Eng. Appl. September 2010; 2(3): 031002. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4002755
Download citation file: