Fatigue tests were conducted on groups of 65-millimeter bore diameter deep-groove ball bearings in a MIL-L-23699 lubricant under two levels of filtration. In one test series, the oil cleanliness was maintained at an exceptionally high level (better than a class of “00” per NAS 1638) with a 3 micron absolute barrier filter. These tests were intended to determine the “upper limit” in bearing life under the strictest possible lubricant cleanliness conditions. In the tests using a centrifugal oil filter, contaminants of the type found in aircraft engine filters were injected into the filters’ supply line at 125 milligrams per bearing-hour. “Ultra-clean” lubrication produced bearing fatigue lives that were approximately twice that obtained in previous tests with contaminated oil using 3 micron absolute filtration and approximately three times that obtained with 49 micron filtration. It was also observed that the centrifugal oil filter had approximately the same effectiveness as a 30 micron absolute filter in preventing bearing surface damage.
Effects of Ultra-Clean and Centrifugal Filtration on Rolling-Element Bearing Life
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Loewenthal, S. H., Moyer, D. W., and Needelman, W. M. (July 1, 1982). "Effects of Ultra-Clean and Centrifugal Filtration on Rolling-Element Bearing Life." ASME. J. of Lubrication Tech. July 1982; 104(3): 283–291. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3253194
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