Low back-pressure supersonic fan blade flutter in the torsional mode was examined using a controlled-oscillating annular cascade test facility. Precise data of unsteady aerodynamic forces generated by shock wave movement, due to blade oscillation, and the previously measured data of chordwise distributions of unsteady aerodynamic forces acting on an oscillating blade, were joined and, then, the nature of cascade flutter was evaluated. These unsteady aerodynamic forces were measured by direct and indirect pressure measuring methods. Our experiments covered a range of reduced frequencies based on a semichord from 0.0375 to 0.547, six interblade phase angles, and inlet flow velocities from subsonic to supersonic flow. The occurrence of unstalled cascade flutter in relation to reduced frequency, interblade phase angle, and inlet flow velocity was clarified, including the role of unsteady aerodynamic blade surface forces on flutter. Reduced frequency of the flutter boundary increased greatly when the blade suction surface flow became transonic flow. Interblade phase angles that caused flutter were in the range from 40 to 160 deg for flow fields ranging from high subsonic to supersonic. Shock wave movement due to blade oscillation generated markedly large unsteady aerodynamic forces which stimulated blade oscillation.

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