The results of two investigations, concerning the aerodynamic response of a turbine blade oscillating in a three-dimensional bending mode, are presented in this paper. The first is an experimental and computational study, designed to produce detailed three-dimensional test cases for aeroelastic applications and examine the ability of a three-dimensional time-marching Euler method to predict the relevant unsteady aerodynamics. Extensive blade surface unsteady pressure measurements were obtained over a range of reduced frequency from a test facility with clearly defined boundary conditions (Bell and He, 1997, ASME Paper No. 97-GT-105). The test data indicate a significant three-dimensional effect, whereby the amplitude of the unsteady pressure response at different spanwise locations is largely insensitive to the local bending amplitude. The computational results, which are the first to be supported by detailed three-dimensional test data, demonstrate the ability of the inviscid method to capture the three-dimensional behavior exhibited by the experimental measurements and a good level of quantitative agreement is achieved throughout the range of reduced frequency. Additional computational solutions, obtained through application of the strip methodology, reveal inadequacies in the conventional quasi-three-dimensional approach to the prediction of oscillating blade flows. The issue of linearity is also considered, and both experimental and computational results indicate a linear behavior of the unsteady aerodynamics. The second, an experimental investigation, addresses the influence of tip leakage upon the unsteady aerodynamic response of an oscillating turbine blade. Results are provided for three settings of tip clearance. The steady flow measurements show marked increases in the size and strength of the tip leakage vortex for the larger settings of tip clearance and deviations are present in the blade loading toward the tip section. The changes in tip clearance also caused distinct trends in the amplitude of the unsteady pressure at 90 percent span, which are observed to correspond with localized regions where the tip leakage flow had a discernible impact on the steady flow blade loading characteristic. The existence of these trends in the unsteady pressure response warrants further investigation into the influence of tip leakage on the local unsteady flow and aerodynamic damping. [S0889-504X(00)01101-6]
Three-Dimensional Unsteady Flow for an Oscillating Turbine Blade and the Influence of Tip Leakage
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the 43rd International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998. Manuscript received by the International Gas Turbine Institute February 1998. Paper No. 98-GT-571. Associate Technical Editor: R. E. Kielb.
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Bell , D. L., and He , L. (February 1, 1998). "Three-Dimensional Unsteady Flow for an Oscillating Turbine Blade and the Influence of Tip Leakage ." ASME. J. Turbomach. January 2000; 122(1): 93–101. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.555432
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