In the early development of gas turbines, many empirical design rules were used; for example in obtaining fluid deflection using the deviation from blading angles, in the assumption of zero radial velocities (so-called radial equilibrium) and in expressions for clearance loss (the Lakshminarayana formulas). The validity of some of these rules, and the basic fluid mechanics behind them, is examined by use of modern ideas and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes. A current perspective of CFD in design is given, together with a view on future developments.
A Review of Some Early Design Practice Using Computational Fluid Dynamics and a Current Perspective
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Atlanta, GA, June 16–19, 2003. Manuscript received by the IGTI Dec. 2002; final revision Mar. 2003. Paper No. 2003-GT-38973. Review Chair: H. R. Simmons.
Horlock , J. H., and Denton, J. D. (February 9, 2005). "A Review of Some Early Design Practice Using Computational Fluid Dynamics and a Current Perspective ." ASME. J. Turbomach. January 2005; 127(1): 5–13. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1650379
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