This paper presents the results of an experimental study on the transport of entropy waves within a research turbine stage, representative of the key aero-thermal phenomenon featuring the combustor-turbine interaction in aero-engines. The entropy waves are injected upstream of the turbine by a dedicated entropy wave generator (EWG) and are released in axial direction; they feature circular shape with peak amplitude in the center and exhibit sinusoidal-like temporal evolution over the whole wave area. The maximum over-temperature amounts to 7% of the undisturbed flow, while the frequency is 30 Hz. The entropy waves are released in four azimuthal positions upstream of the stage, so to simulate four different burner-to-stator blade clocking. Time-resolved temperature measurements were performed with fast microthermocouples (FTC); the flow and the pressure field upstream and downstream of the stator and the rotor was measured with five-hole pneumatic probes and fast-response aerodynamic pressure probes. The entropy waves are observed to undergo a relevant attenuation throughout their transport within the stator blade row, but they remain clearly visible at the stator exit and retain their dynamic characteristics. In particular, the total temperature distribution appears severely altered by burner-stator clocking position. At the stage exit, the entropy waves loose their coherence, appearing spread in the azimuthal direction to almost cover the entire pitch in the outer part of the channel, while being more localized below midspan. Despite the severe and unsteady interaction of the entropy waves within the rotor, they retain their original dynamic character. A comparison with measurements performed by injecting steady hot streaks is finally reported, remarking both differences and affinities. As a relevant conclusion, it is experimentally shown that entropy waves can be proficiently simulated by considering a succession of hot streaks of different amplitude.
Transport of Entropy Waves Within a High Pressure Turbine Stage
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Manuscript received September 19, 2018; final manuscript received November 29, 2018; published online January 16, 2019. Editor: Kenneth Hall.
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Gaetani, P., and Persico, G. (January 16, 2019). "Transport of Entropy Waves Within a High Pressure Turbine Stage." ASME. J. Turbomach. March 2019; 141(3): 031006. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4042165
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